Experts were able to recognize four substance-related conditions . They are substance intoxication, substance withdrawal, substance abuse, and substance dependence. These conditions can be identified by varied criteria. Also, these conditions are manifested in the context of the substances most generally linked to them. The following categories are grouped by substances:
• Central nervous system depressants which includes alcohol, barbiturates,
benzodiazepines, and inhalants.
• Central nervous system stimulants which includes cocaine, amphetamines,
nicotine, and caffeine.
• Opioids which includes heroin and morphine.
• Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP)
Central nervous system depressants directly affect the central nervous system which produces the symptoms of depression and cognitive impairment. The activation of the central nervous system and the parts of the brain that registers pleasures is the effect of taking in central nervous system stimulants. Euphoria, lethargy, unconsciousness, and seizures are the effects of taking in opioids. This substance is also highly addictive. Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP) produce perceptual illusions and distortions ad symptoms ranging from a sense of peace and tranquility to feelings of unreality and violence. On the other hand, the feelings of being high, impairments on cognitive and motor skills, and sometimes, experience of hallucination are the effects of taking in cannabis. These substances once taken in can result to intoxication, withdrawal, abuse, and dependence .
There are many other substances used for intoxicating effects that more rarely lead to substance-related-disorders. Muscle relaxants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, antidepressant medications, lead, rat poisons with strychnine, pesticides, nerve gas, antifreeze, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide are some example of these substances. There are some people who might experience significant problems in cognition and mood, anxiety, hallucinations, delusions, and seizures when taking in these substances although mostly, these kind of substances gives no psychoactive effects or only mild and transient effects. These people may be given the diagnosis of other substance-related disorder.
One should be quickly wary whenever one happens to know someone who is intoxicated . Withdrawal, abuse, or much worse, dependence can often be a result of intoxication that is why signs of intoxication is really alarming. However, when circumstances happen that intoxication has not been attended to and has lead to abuse and dependence, there is drug rehab to help you deal with it.
Drug rehab is the process of assisting someone to improve and recover from a disorder in order to function well again. The process of drug rehab is one of the important things to consider whenever drug addiction is present. In order to help drug addicted individuals, drug rehab is really very useful. There are different methods in how drug rehab can help drug abusers and drug dependents. In order to do the helping, drug rehab uses different techniques. One can get a dose of drug rehab help in many places. There is your local and medical psychiatric societies where one can consult. One can also have an appointment over one’s university medical affiliated programs which are often hospital affiliated. In one’s search for drug rehab, there are much better ways in order to help an individual. One can start to join a health maintenance organization. In a health maintenance organization, one has access to different specialist by paying a monthly price compared to paying a per service fee. One will have the assurance whenever things will go wrong.
Drug rehab is important in order to deal with the negative consequences produced by substance-related disorders.