According to the Fourth Edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, in order to diagnose an individual of having opium addiction, he or she must meet the following criteria:
1. Demonstrating excessive or inappropriate use of opium.
2. Being preoccupied with getting or using opium.
3. Having an increased or decreased tolerance for opium.
4. Having trouble stopping or lessening your drug use once you start using opium, or stopping the use of opium for a while, only to begin using opium again.
5. Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when you discontinue or reduce your use of opium.
6. Proceeding to use opium even though it causes problems in your life.
7. Giving up important activities or losing friendships because of opium.
To be diagnosed of having an opium addiction, he or she should meet three out of seven of the above criteria.
The physiology of an individual is one of the major evidences of opium addiction. There should also be repeated problems as a result from the use of opium.
There is a maladaptive pattern on the use of opium that leads to at least three or more of the following:
1. The body’s tolerance on opium as defined by either
a. The necessity for a markedly increased quantity of opium to achieve the effect the user wants
b. A markedly reduced effect of opium as a result of the prolonged use of the same amount of the substance
2. There is withdrawal as apparent by either
a. The characteristic withdrawal syndrome for the substance opium
b. The similar or a highly related substance is taken in to allay or distance from withdrawal symptoms
3. Opium is usually taken in larger amounts or it is taken over a longer period than was intended
4. There is a persistent desire or the effort of unsuccessfully cutting or controlling the use of opium
5. There is a great deal of time spent in activities that are necessary to get hold of opium, use opium, or to recover from the effects of the substance
6. Activities that are relevant socially, occupationally, or recreationally are given up or trimmed down because of the use of opium
7. The using of opium is not stopped\discontinued despite having the knowledge of persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problems caused by the use of opium
Opium addiction is not so much different with any other kind of drug addiction. Like every kind of substance addiction, opium addiction also has a lot of many negative consequences. These negative consequences include a drastic bad change in one’s behavior, slurring of one’s way of talking, lethargy or even coma, hallucinations or illusions, and attention and memory problems. As obviously observable, the drastic negative change in one’s behavior can often result to a chaos on the opium addicted individual and the people around him or her. In the problem that concerns opium addiction, it is very important t that one should act fast for its prevention.
The best thing to solve this problem of opium addiction is for an opium addict to go opium rehab. Behavioral treatments, cognitive treatments, and medical treatments are the major components that makes up opium rehab. Medical treatments work by way of utilizing prescribed drugs in order to oppose the effects produced by opium. Suboxone or methadone are the main drugs that establishes this kind of counter effect. On the other hand, behavioral and cognitive treatments are often used in together to successfully treat the addiction to opium. These usually involve on encouraging an individual in ending the use of opium. It also entails the substitution of use of opium as a way to handle up the stress of life while teaching them new ways in coping up. In addition, the behavioral and cognitive treatment of opium rehab also changes the rewards that comes with the use of the substance and enhances support of one’s family in order to eradicate opium addiction.
Opium rehab is the best solution to recover from opium addiction.