Cocaine is a white powder extracted from the coca plant and one of the most highly addictive substances known. There are different ways on how to use cocaine in order for its effects to be felt quickly. This includes snorting the powder and dissolving the powder in water then injecting it intravenously. During the 1970s, users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether which paved its way for the appearance of freebase cocaine. This produced a cocaine base, or freebase, that is even more powerful. It is usually smoked in a water pipe or is mixed in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. Crack is a form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked.
Cocaine activates the ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens, the areas of the brain that register reward and pleasure. The releasing of dopamine into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses happen when a pleasurable event happens. Cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron, causing dopamine to accumulate in the synapse, maintaining the pleasurable feeling.
Feelings of great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability happens after the initial sense of euphoria produced by the taken in of cocaine. The feeling of being drugged is not often felt. Instead, they feel they have become the people they always wanted to be. Cocaine produces feelings of grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia when taken in very heavy dosage. After stopping the use of the substance, users may feel exhausted and depressed and may sleep a great deal. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Sometimes, the use of cocaine starts from taking in a heavy dosage of alcohol and cannabis. The unusually rapid and strong effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to make this substance more likely than most illegal substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even between people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
Cocaine has been blamed as one of the primary reasons why crime has been rising. One of the best ways to get rid of the problems brought by cocaine addicted is through letting the cocaine addict to go through a drug rehab. The consequence of the numerous drug rehab centers sprouting up has been possible because of the continual rise of cocaine addiction. Several treatment and drug rehab programs have been established to be able provide help to those victims of cocaine dependency and addiction. These patients are provided with medical treatment as well as cognitive-behavioral therapies. Moreover, the problem of addiction and dependency does not stop with the elimination of the drug intake. It goes as far as teaching the patient a new life free from drugs. Other treatment programs include opening of old wounds that might have caused the addiction. This is attributed to the fact that there are cases wherein physical and sexual abuse have been associated to drug dependency. When people couldn’t seem to handle such stressful events, they tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience, which is craving for the euphoric feeling given by drugs.
Cocaine addiction has been blamed for the rising crimes in the society that one of the effective ways to solve them is by letting a cocaine addictive person to go through a drug rehab.